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Sex During Vaginal Infection

Sex during Vaginal Infection

Introduction

Vaginal infection is more commonplace than any woman might imagine. Medically, termed as vaginitis, it refers to a variety of conditions which may lead to the inflammation to infection of the vagina.  Sometime, both the vulva and the vagina are infected at once. This condition is referred to as vulvo-vaginitis. There are many causes leading to such an infection that will be explored underneath.

Risk Factors

A general question that comes to mind is whether one can have sex during vaginal infection. There are risks involved but you need to know the exact type of vaginal infection one might be facing. In strict medical opinion, having sex during such infection is not harmful, in the strictest sense. However, you need to note that vaginal infection might lead to pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse.

Causes

There exist three most common reasons for vaginal infection. These are-

  • Trichomoniasis
  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • Candidiasis or yeast infection

 

The first type is transmitted by sexual intercourse. Therefore, to have sex in case one is infected with this type needs waiting until both partners are treated and cured of the same. The next two types are not transmissible or caused due to sex.

It is worth knowing that there are several types of bacteria that are present naturally in the vagina. These result in the maintenance of the right pH balance in the area and also aids in fighting infection. However, due to stress, improper hygiene in the vaginal region, hormonal alteration, the acidic level of the vagina sees changes. This allows the already present bacteria to multiply more rapidly than these should and as a result, leads to infection.

In fact, external substances or stuff such as a tampon accidently left inside too can lead to enhanced bacterial growth. As already mentioned, sexually transmitted infections too can lead to issues with vaginal health.

The most common form of vaginal infection is yeast infection. Owing to system imbalances, the lactobacillus variant of bacteria that helps keep the growth of candida yeast in check, stops working effectively. Once this happens, the yeast sees overgrowth and sets in the vaginal yeast infection. The common causes leading to vaginal yeast infections are-

  • Intake of antibiotics
  • High diabetic levels
  • Weak immunity
  • Douching
  • Poor or non-balanced diet
  • Excess stress
  • Pregnancy
  • Lack of ample sleep

Other types of vaginal infections include chlamydia, thrush and gonorrhoea.

Diagnosis

While it is perfectly healthy and usual to see some amount of vaginal discharge post-puberty, the quantity and the color of the same could be warning signs if you are having any kind of vaginal infection. During pregnancy and the menses, this sees change but in case you feel that the discharge is of unusual odor or color otherwise, you might need to consult a doctor.  Other common signs that you might need to go in for a diagnosis are-

  • Irritation around the vulva
  • Itching of the vagina
  • Sore vulva
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding after intercourse
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Swelling around the anus or vulva
  • Ulceration of vulva or the anus
  • Pain while urinating.

A common lab test involving your urine sample and a general physical examination of the vaginal region for a swab test will help your doctor diagnose possible infection.

 

Treatment

There are different types of treatments for each separate type of vaginal infection one may possibly experience.

Application of imidazole cream, pessaries or intake of fluconazole tablet helps clear thrush infections. Mostly physicians advise medicines and ointments in such cases and rarely advise to stay away from sex unless the male partner experiences soreness on his penis. Antibiotics or antibiotic gels are prescribed for treatment of bacterial infections. These also help to cure trichomoniasis but in the case, your sexual partner too might need a check up.  For chlamydia and also for gonorrhoea, antibiotics are again the prescribed cure.

Make sure you remember that trichomoniasis, chlamydia and gonorrhoea are transmissible via skin contact, and also via unprotected copulation. Usage of a condom is highly recommended in such cases. The other common means of recuing risks of vaginal infections are using clean cotton pants, avoidance of any sprays or soaps for use on vaginal region and skipping the use of vaginal douches.

With a little bit of care and proper hygiene, such infections can be kept at bay. In fact, even if such an infection ever occurs, take heart from the fact that these are completely curable.